Universal Numerical Fingerprint

The citation standard defined here offers proper recognition to authors as well as permanent identification through the use of global persistent identifiers in place of URLs which can change frequently. Use of universal numerical fingerprints (UNFs) guarantees to the scholarly community that future researchers will be able to verify that data retrieved is identical to that used in a publication decades earlier even if it has changed storage media operating systems hardware and statistical program format.

Resource Type: 
Parent organization: 
Dataverse Network Project
Supporting agency: