ORCID - Open Researcher and Contributor ID

ORCID Inc. is a non-profit organization dedicated to solving the name ambiguity problem in scholarly research and brings together the leaders of the most influential universities funding organizations societies publishers and corporations from around the globe. ORCID aims to solve the author/contributor name ambiguity problem in scholarly communications by creating a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCID and other current author ID schemes. These identifiers and the relationships among them can be linked to the researcher's output to enhance the scientific discovery process and to improve the efficiency of research funding and collaboration within the research community.The ideal solution is to establish a registry that is adopted and embraced as the de facto standard by the whole of the community. A resolution to the systemic name ambiguity problem by means of assigning unique identifiers linkable to an individual's research output will enhance the scientific discovery process and improve the efficiency of funding and collaboration. The organization is managed by a fourteen member Board of Directors.Accurate identification of researchers and their work is one of the pillars for the transition from science to e-Science wherein scholarly publications can be mined to spot links and ideas hidden in the ever-growing volume of scholarly literature. A disambiguated set of authors will allow new services and benefits to be built for the research community by all stakeholders in scholarly communication: from commercial actors to non-profit organizations from governments to universities.

Supporting agency: 
American Physical Society Nature Publishing Group Wiley Hindawi Oxford University Press PLoS MIT Libraries Springer Wellcome Trust ACS Microsoft Research Elsevier American Institute of Physics Association for Computing Machinery Taylor and Francis Group Thompson Reuters