Michael Kurtz is an astronomer and computer scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which he joined after receiving a PhD in Physics from Dartmouth College in 1982. Kurtz is the author or co-author of over 300 technical articles and abstracts on subjects ranging from cosmology and extragalactic astronomy to data reduction and archiving techniques to information systems and text retrieval algorithms.
Kurtz is the founder and project scientist of the Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) for which he won the van Biesbroeck prize of the American Astronomical Society. He has received the Citation research award from the American Society for Information Science; he is a fellow in the astrophysics section of the American Physical Society, and a fellow in the Information, Computing and Communication section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
He is on the board of directors of the Classification Society and the board of advisors of Force11. He is the moderator of the Astrophysics Instrumentation and Methods section of arXiv, and is an editor of the Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.